Policy Briefs

A 3-page summary of EEPSEA research reports.

The potential effect of such extreme weather was shown in 2011 when Thailand was hit by the worst flood it had experienced in 50 years. This study produced the first comprehensive estimate of the economic losses experienced by households that were badly affected by the 2011 Bangkok flood. The study…
Some studies report that climate change impacts are expected to significantly decrease Indonesia’s agricultural crop production by 2050, especially rice production. To improve agricultural productivity, the Indonesian government widely uses input subsidies that improve farmer access to seeds and fertilizer. However, the results of an EEPSEA study suggest that this…
  In Thailand the number of elephants are declining, and many of the remaining animals are protected in a network of wildlife sanctuaries. Unfortunately, elephants from these protected areas are coming into conflicts with farmers. This human-elephant conflict (HEC) is causing crop damage. It is also leading to injury and…
Vietnam is one of the five countries in the world that will be most seriously affected by sea level rises as a result of global climate change. The study has looked at how the country should protect itself from this steadily developing challenge. To do this, the study assessed five…
In the last two decades Mongolia's vast areas of pastureland have been rapidly degraded and desertified. Although the main cause of this national crisis is believed to be climate change, overgrazing and livestock over-population are also major contributing factors. This study has assessed the degradation and the economic value of…
As is the case in many developing countries, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos), is adopting a policy of trade liberalization in an attempt to grow its economy. However, the impact of this approach is not clear, as there have been few studies on trade liberalization in countries such as…
Flood are a familiar and frequent feature of life in Vietnamese Mekong River Delta (MRD). Although these annual floods bring harship to a great many people, they also bring a wide range of benefits, especially for farmers. This study has looked at how the floods affect different social groups. It…
Vietnam, like most developing countries across Southeast Asia, has boosted farm outputs by introducing new crops, production methods and other agricultural innovations. Unfortunately, this process has increased soil erosion and water pollution and caused may other environmental problems. This study has assessed this situation. It looks at the environmental trade…
Poor air quality in Indonesia's capital city is having a significant impact on residents' health and there is an urgent need to introduce new initiatives to deal with the problem. To help justify investment in such new strategies, this study has looked at the value that citizens in the Jakarta…
In recent years, Chinese policy makers have tried to balance development in different regions of the country by relocating industrial production from prosperous zones to less developed areas. However, this type of industrial relocation is usually accompanied by the transfer of pollution problems. To shed more light on the costs…
As in many countries, policy makers in China see biofuel as a potentially important part of the move to a sustainable, post-oil economy. To contribute to this important energy debate, this study looks at the economics and environmental performance of one potential bio-fuel crop. Download
Uncontrolled forest fires are one of the key causes of habitat destruction in Indonesia. The haze they produce causes significant pollution problems for people in the country and in surrounding nations. This study has highlighted the root causes of the fires and assessed a range of potential new policy options…
One of the most significant environmental problems affecting Vietnam is industrial waste pollution. Although the country has implemented a reang of anti-pollution legislation, the problem has not been resolved and companies continue to pollute on a large scale. This study assessed the effectiveness of a key piece of Vietnam's anti-pollution…
Ground level ozone pollution is one of the most significant air pollution problems in Beijing. Because of the complex way in which ozone is formed, it is difficult for policy makers to decide which ozone control options are the most cost-effective. This study, assessed a range of options for addressing…
Wetlands are one of the world's most ecologically important and productive ecosystems. They face many challenges, one of the most sifnificant being the disruption of the water supplies that feed them. As the flow of water entering a wetland is diverted to other uses, the werland's ecosystme is damaged. This…
The Visayan Sea is one of the most important and threatened marine areas in the Philippines. It is a source of income and food for thousands of people and an ecological resource of world importance. However, over exploitation means that fishing in the area is no longer sustainable and that…
Marine turtles are important, not only for their economic and intrinsic value, but because an adequate population of marine turtles is often an indicator of healthy marine ecosystem. Of the seven species of marine turtles, four are critically endangered, while two are in the next-highest risk category. Download
If politicians are to make informed decisions about funding wildlife conservation, it is important that they know what the general public thinks about the issues involved, the factors that shape people's perceptions and how much individuals would be willing to pay to help wildlife. This study has looked into these…
This study from Vietnam shows that a switch from conventional to organic tea productions would bring real environmental, health and economic benefits for the country's farmers and its society as a whole. In particular the amount of agrochemical residue and waste produced by tea production would be reduced. Farmers would…
Metro Manila is notorious for its solid waste disposal problems - from the city's infamous garbage dumps to its choked and polluted rivers. To help tackle this challenge, a new study has looked into how solid waste management programs should be designed and implemented. It found that households are generally…
As in many developing countries, forest cover in Sri Lanka is being rapidly destroyed. The main cause of this loss is illegal logging in unprotected forests. Unless new conservation measures are brought in soon, this problem is almost certain to extend to protected forest areas. The research highlights three policy…
As in many countries in Southeast Asia, Malaysia faces rapidly mounting levels of domestic waste. To meet this challenge, it has opened up waste management to the private sector in the hope that this will produce an effective and efficient service. The study provides important information that should help businesses…
Processing agricultural products is of the most important 'handicraft' activities in Vietnam's Red River Delta. It provides jobs, improves household incomes and helps alleviate poverty. However, it also generates a huge amount of waste and is a source of serious pollution. This study analysed the environmental consequences of agro-product processing…
The paper-making industry in Vietnam is the cause of significant environmental pollution that is affecting the country's wildlife and the health and livelihoods of its people. This study has investigated this problem in one of the country's where paper-making is an important industry. It finds that there is a lack…
Aquaculture is a thriving industry in the Mekong Delta (MD) of Vietnam. Tra fish are the most popular catfish species bred in the region and they have become an important export item. As such they are an economically valuable product for many MD farmers. However, catfish farming is causing problems…
Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia